Roaches can be tough to deal with once they have begun to infest your home. There are two main types of roaches you will most likely see if you do have a problem:
American roaches and German roaches. Though they are both a nuisance and can cause unsafe conditions for your health, they differ in a few ways.
- Adult American roaches on average about about 1.5 inches
- American roaches are reddish brown in color with a yellow band around their head. Both males and females have wings and can fly short distances.
- There are a few signs of an American roach infestation: You may start to see the roaches, which a very fast moving, fleeing to dark areas. American roaches leave behind droppings in the dim areas where they hide. They are often mistaken for rodent droppings, so you may need to contact a pest control technician for proper identification. As well, egg capsules, which are about 8 mm long and dark-colored, may start to appear. Egg capsules are sometimes glued to a surface near food sources, and can be found in basements, laundry rooms and kitchens, as well as behind appliances or underneath cabinets. Also, American roaches will produce a pheromone that has a musty smell.
- You can take steps to reduce American roach problems by blocking entrances and keeping your home clean. Prevent roaches from entering the home through small cracks and crevices in walls, gaps near electric sockets and switch plates, and up through drains. As well, having a clean and sanitary home will also make it less inviting to American roaches. Keep counters, sinks, tables and floors free of clutter and crumbs. Don’t leave dishes piled up in the sink or and clean spills as quickly as possible! It’s also good to store food containers, and avoid leaving any pet food out in the open. You may also try vacuuming at least once a week to remove food particles.
- If an infestation is suspected, contact a licensed pest control professional for advice on roach control and elimination. Roaches can cause potential health risks for you and your family, as they can carry and pass on disease.
- German roaches are about half an inch long
- German roaches are light brown with dark lines running from their heads to the ends of their wings.
- Generally, German roaches tend to gather in kitchens and bathrooms
- Since German roaches are more common and can reproduce so quickly, an infestation is more likely to be the result of German cockroaches rather than American roaches.
- German cockroaches will feed on almost anything, including soap and toothpaste
- As well as American roaches, German roaches have been linked to disease transmission by picking up germs on their legs as they crawl through decaying matter. These germs can be transferred to food and other common surfaces that humans frequently touch.
- As well, having good sanitation is key to preventing an infestation, as roaches spend most of their time near food sources. Try to keep your house close off and clean, as mentioned above with American roaches. Again, contact a pest control professional if you feel you may have an infestation.